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This website is intended to provide general information and is not intended to serve as legal advice regarding specific matters. A Bell operated by the air force crashed in Kuala Belait on 20 July with the loss of 12 of the 14 crew on board. The cause of the accident has yet to be ascertained. This amounts to about ten per cent of the state's total national yearly expenditure and represents around 2.
Brunei is divided into four districts daerahs  and 38 subdistricts mukims. The daerah of Temburong is physically separated from the rest of Brunei by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. The daerah of Brunei-Muara includes Brunei's capital city, Bandar Seri Begawan , whose suburbs dominate 15 of the 18 mukims in this daerah. Brunei has numerous courts in its judicial branch.
Both of these have a chief justice and two judges. The U. Department of State has stated that discrimination against women is a problem in Brunei. The law stipulates imprisonment of up to 30 years, and caning with not fewer than 12 strokes for rape. The law does not criminalise spousal rape; it explicitly states that sexual intercourse by a man with his wife, as long as she is not under 13 years of age, is not rape.
Citizenship is derived through one's parents rather than through birth within the country's territory. Parents with stateless status are required to apply for a special pass for a child born in the country; failure to register a child may make it difficult to enroll the child in school.
By law, sexual intercourse with a female under 14 years of age constitutes rape and is punishable by imprisonment for not less than eight years and not more than 30 years and not less than 12 strokes of the cane. The intent of the law is to protect girls from exploitation through prostitution and "other immoral purposes", including pornography.
Male and female homosexuality is illegal in Brunei. Sexual relations between men are punishable by death or whipping; sex between women is punishable by caning or imprisonment. In May , the Brunei government extended its existing moratorium on the death penalty to the Sharia criminal code as well that made homosexual acts punishable with death by stoning. In The Laws of Brunei, the right of non-Muslims to practice their faith is guaranteed by the Constitution. However, celebrations and prayers must be confined to places of worship and private residences.
Brunei's revised penal code came into force in phases, commencing on 22 April with offences punishable by fines or imprisonment. Stoning to death was the specified "method of execution for crimes of a sexual nature". Brunei is the first country in Asia to have banned shark finning nationwide. Brunei has retained most of its forests, compared to its neighbours that share Borneo island.
There is a public campaign calling to protect pangolins which are considered threatened treasure in Brunei. Brunei has the second-highest Human Development Index among the Southeast Asian nations, after Singapore , and is classified as a developed country. Substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production.
Most of these investments are made by the Brunei Investment Agency, an arm of the Ministry of Finance. Central to this strategy is the position that the airline maintains at London Heathrow Airport. It holds a daily slot at the highly capacity-controlled airport, which it serves from Bandar Seri Begawan via Dubai. The airline also has services to major Asian destinations including Shanghai, Bangkok, Singapore and Manila. Brunei depends heavily on imports such as agricultural products e.
Brunei's leaders are concerned that increasing integration in the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion and have therefore pursued an isolationist policy. Brunei's leaders plan to upgrade the labour force, reduce unemployment, which was at 6.
The government of Brunei has also promoted food self-sufficiency, especially in rice. The population centres in the country are linked by a network of 2, kilometres 1, mi of road. The kilometre 84 mi highway from Muara Town to Kuala Belait is a dual carriageway. Brunei is accessible by air, sea, and land transport. Brunei International Airport is the main entry point to the country. Royal Brunei Airlines  is the national carrier.
There is another airfield, the Anduki Airfield , located in Seria. The ferry terminal at Muara services regular connections to Labuan Malaysia. Speedboats provide passenger and goods transportation to the Temburong district. The country's road network is well developed. Brunei has one main sea port located at Muara. The airport in Brunei is currently being extensively upgraded. With one private car for every 2.
A new kilometre 19 mi roadway connecting the Muara and Temburong districts of Brunei is slated to be completed in Bank of China received permission to open a branch in Brunei in April Citibank , which entered in , closed its operations in Brunei in The rate of urbanisation is estimated at 2.
The average life expectancy is Religion in Brunei . Although most of them practise some form of religion with elements of Buddhism, Confucianism , and Taoism , they prefer to present themselves as having practised no religion officially, hence labelled as atheists in official censuses. The principal spoken language is Melayu Brunei Brunei Malay.
English is widely used as a business and official language and it is spoken by a majority of the population in Brunei. English is used in business as a working language and as the language of instruction from primary to tertiary education. Chinese languages are also widely spoken, and the Chinese minority in Brunei speak a number of varieties of Chinese.
Arabic is the religious language of Muslims. Therefore, Arabic is taught in schools, particularly religious schools, and also in institutes of higher learning. As of , there are six Arabic schools and one religious teachers' college in Brunei. A majority of Brunei's Muslim population has had some form of formal or informal education in the reading, writing and pronunciation of the Arabic language as part of their religious education.
The culture of Brunei is predominantly Malay reflecting its ethnicity , with heavy influences from Islam , but is seen as much more conservative than Indonesia and Malaysia. Four periods of cultural influence have occurred, animist, Hindu , Islamic, and Western.
Islam had a very strong influence, and was adopted as Brunei's ideology and philosophy. Brunei's official main language is Malay but English is also widely spoken as it is a compulsory subject in the majority of the schools. As a Sharia country, the sale and public consumption of alcohol is banned. Media in Brunei are said to be pro-government; press criticism of the government and monarchy is rare.
The country ranks "Not Free" in media by Freedom House. The company continues to print the English daily Borneo Bulletin. This paper began as a weekly community paper and became a daily in  Apart from The Borneo Bulletin , there is also the Media Permata and Pelita Brunei, the local Malay newspapers which are circulated daily. The Brunei Times is another English independent newspaper published in Brunei since A private company has made cable television available Astro-Kristal as well as one private radio station, Kristal FM.
The most popular sport in Brunei is association football. Brunei debuted at the Olympics in ; it has competed at all subsequent Summer Olympics except The country has competed in badminton, shooting, swimming, and track-and-field, but is yet to win any medals. Brunei has had slightly more success at the Asian Games , winning four bronze medals. The first major international sporting event to be hosted in Brunei was the Southeast Asian Games. According to the all-time Southeast Asian Games medal table , Bruneian athletes have won a total of 14 gold, 55 silver and bronze medals at the games.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in Southeast Asia. Show globe. Show map of Southeast Asia. Malay alphabet Jawi alphabet . Main article: History of Brunei. Main article: Japanese occupation of British Borneo. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Geography of Brunei. Main article: Politics of Brunei. Main article: Foreign relations of Brunei. Main articles: Districts of Brunei and Mukims of Brunei. Kuala Belait. Kuala Balai. Bukit Sawat. Tanjong Maya. Ki- udang. Pekan Tutong. Seng- kurong. Pengkalan Batu. Sungai Kebun. Sungai Kedayan. Batu Apoi. Main article: Women in Brunei. Main articles: Economy of Brunei and Tourism in Brunei. Main article: Demographics of Brunei. Main article: Religion in Brunei.
Religion in Brunei  Islam , Christianity 29, 7. Main article: Languages of Brunei. Main article: Culture of Brunei. Main article: Media of Brunei. Asia portal. Retrieved 30 December Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 12 December International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 24 February United Nations Development Programme. ISBN Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 6 November Attorney General's Chambers Brunei Darussalam.
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Retrieved 13 January William Henry Scott Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 17 October From the Spanish Archives of the Indies "The infantry does not amount to two hundred men, in three companies. If these men were that number, and Spaniards, it would not be so bad; but, although I have not seen them, because they have not yet arrived here, I am told that they are, as at other times, for the most part boys, mestizos, and mulattoes, with some Indians Native Americans.
Macmillan Atlas. Sidhu, Edition 2, illustrated, Scarecrow Press, , p. A History of Brunei. ISBN X. Retrieved 14 October US Department of State. Retrieved 23 December London: Collins. Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 21 February History for Brunei Darussalam. EBP Pan Pacific. Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 21 March Retrieved 20 November USA Today. Retrieved 6 December The Diplomat. Retrieved 12 June BBC News. Outpost Seria Housing Information.
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Archived from the original on 3 December The Scoop. Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 9 November Martin and G. Poedjosoedarmo An overview of the language situation in Brunei Darussalam. Martin, C. Poedjosoedarmo Eds. Clynes and D. Deterding Journal of the International Phonetic Association. Wei, Li: Applied Linguistics Review.
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