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|Samarium neodymium dating||Abstract Abstract. The T CHUR age of a rock can yield a formation age for the crust as a whole if the sample has not suffered disturbance after its formation. Export to Mendeley. In Lauretta, D. Rankenburg, K. Recently viewed 0 Save Search. AND OR.|
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They are thus, theoretically, not particularly susceptible to partitioning during melting of silicate rocks. In many cases, Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr isotope data is used together. Samarium has five naturally occurring isotopes and neodymium has seven. The two elements are joined in a parent-daughter relationship by the alpha-decay of Sm to Nd with a half life of 1. An isochron is calculated normally. The concentration of Sm and Nd in silicate minerals increase with the order in which they crystallise from a magma according to Bowen's reaction series.
Samarium is accommodated more easily into mafic minerals, so a mafic rock which crystallises mafic minerals will concentrate neodymium in the melt phase faster relative to samarium. Thus, as a rock undergoes fractional crystallization from a mafic to a more felsic composition, the abundance of Sm and Nd changes, as does the ratio between Sm and Nd. The importance of this process is apparent in modeling the age of continental crust formation. The process of modelling crustal segregation ages work like this; We must assume a chondritic evolution for the Earth.
For certain assumptions CHUR is assumed to represent the mantle. We take a rock, for example a granulite from the lower continental crust, and measure the Sm and Nd elemental abundances, and the abundances of isotopes of these elements within the rock. This can derive a radiometric age of the rock.
This calculation derives a time at which, hypothetically, the granulite could have been formed from the assumed reservoir by a melting event. This is known as the segregation age. Category : Radiometric dating. Read what you need to know about our industry portal chemeurope.
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Editors: W. Jack Rink, Jeroen Thompson. Contents Search. Sm—Nd Dating. Authors Authors and affiliations Richard W. Living reference work entry First Online: 03 February How to cite. Definition Samarium—neodymium dating uses the radioactive decay of Sm to Nd and Sm to Nd to measure the age of rocks and minerals and to trace and date geochemical processes responsible for the chemical differentiation of the Earth and the terrestrial planets and planetesimals.
This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Nd-Sr isotopic relationship in granitoid rocks and continental crust development: a chemical approach to orogenesis. Nature , , — CrossRef Google Scholar. Chemical structure and evolution of the mantle and continents determined by inversion of Nd and Sr isotopic data, II.
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Trace element and isotopic effects of combined wallrock assimilation and fractional crystallization. Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 53 , — Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry: An Introduction. Heidelberg: Springer, p. Geophysical Research Letters , 3 , — Nd isotopic variations and petrogenetic models. Sm-Nd age of the Stillwater complex and the mantle evolution curve for neodymium. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , 43 , — The continental crustal age distribution: methods of determining mantle separation ages from Sm-Nd isotopic data and application to the Southwestern United States.
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Oxford: Clarendon, p. Eugster, O. The isotopic composition of Gd and the neutron capture effects in samples from Apollo Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 8 , 20— Friedman, A. Alpha decay half-lives of Gd, Gd and Sm. Radiochimica Acta , 5 , — Gallino, R. Neutron capture nucleosynthesis in AGB stars.
In Bernatowicz, T. Green, T. SIMS determination of trace element partition coefficients between garnet, clinopyroxene and hydrous basaltic liquids at 2—7. Lithos , 53 , — Hamilton, P. Sm-Nd dating of Archean basic and ultrabasic volcanics. Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 36 , — Hauri, E. Experimental and natural partitioning of Th, U, Pb and other trace elements between garnet, clinopyroxene and basaltic melts.
Chemical Geology , , — Hidaka, H. Sm and Gd isotopic shifts of Apollo 16 and 17 drill stem samples and their implications for regolith history. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , 71 , — Irving, A. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , 42 , — Jacobsen, S. Nd and Sr isotopic study of the Bay of Islands ophiolite complex and the evolution of the source of midocean ridge basalts. Journal of Geophysical Research , 84 , — Sm-Nd isotopic evolution of chondrites. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads.
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